Koval, I. 2013. Climatic Signal in Earlywood, Latewood and Total Ring Width of Crimean Pine (Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana) from Crimean Mountains, Ukraine. Baltic Forestry 19(2): 245-251.

The influence of climatic factors of the subtropical climate on the growth of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana in 110-year-old stand on the southern slope of the Crimean Mountains of Ukraine was evaluated by comparing earlywood, latewood and total ring indices with monthly temperature and precipitation data for 1973-2011. Two periods (1973-1992 and 1993-2011) were compared to detect features of the response of latewood, earlywood and total rings to climate change.

The following tendency was revealed: increase in the mean annual temperature by 0.3°С (2.5%), increase in the temperature in April-August by 0.8°С (4.3%), increase in March temperature by 0,2°С (4.1%), decrease in winter temperature by 0,4°С (7.8%) in 1993-2011 in comparison with 1973-1992. Mean annual precipitation increased by 19 mm (1.3%), precipitation in April-August decreased by 46 mm (20%), precipitation in the cold period (from the last November to March) increased by 44 mm (12%). The relative humidity of air reduced by 1% over the year, by 5% in April-August and increased by 5% in winter.

Correlation and analysis of pointer years show that summer drought during 1993-2011 limited the radial growth in Crimean pine more than in 1973-1992. The decrease in winter temperature has also led to an decrease in the radial growth of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana in 1993-2011. Latewood layers appeared to be more sensitive to climate than earlywood rings. Assuming that summer water stress will increase, and winter temperature will decrease, we can expect decline in the radial growth of pine next years.

Key words: Crimean pine, subtropical climate, Crimean Mountains, earlywood, latewood, total ring.