Zdors, L.*, Šņepsts, G. and Donis, J. 2017. Stem Volume Increment after Group Shelterwood Cutting in Scots Pine Stands in Myrtillosa Forest Type. Baltic Forestry 23(2): 463-470.

   There are only few studies on the reaction of stands after a group shelterwood cutting.

   The research tasks were to find find out whether an aditional incriment is formed in the retained parrt of the stand after group shelterwood cutting; after how many year following cutting the gaps does the aditional increment of the retained part of the stand begin to form; If there are differences in additional increments for trees located at a variety of distances from the gap edge; If the storm of 2005 has affected the additional increment of trees.

   The study was done in five Scots pine (henceforth pine) stands, each roughly 110 years old and located within Myrtillosa forest type. In each stand, 2 - 3 gaps were selected. Around each gap four plots were measured in the uncut part of the stand. In each plot pines were sampled with an increment borer. At least 40 trees in 5 control stands were sampled with an increment borer as well. An additional increment method elaborated by I. Liepa was used in order to determine the response of trees to the gaps. In the uncut parts of the stand additional increment was found to be positive in the first years after group shelterwood cutting for trees closer than 7 m from the gap edge. Six years after cutting the cumulative additional increment in the parts of the stand closer than 7 m from the gap were 2 to 5 times greater compared to the parts of the stand at a distance greater than 7 m, and the differences were significant (at the 95 % confidence level) in 4 of 5 stands. There was a trend that in the year 2005 after the storm, additional increment and tree ring width decreases. However, this trend was not significant (p > 0.05), and independent to the distance from the edge of gap.

Keywords: Pinus sylvestris; group shelterwood; additional increment; distance to the gap edge.