Use of coniferous plantations by bats in western Poland during summer

  • Grzegorz Apoznanski
  • Tomasz Kokurewicz
  • Justyna Błesznowska
  • Ewa Kwasiborska
  • Tomasz Marszałek
  • Monika Górska

Abstract

Mixed commercial plantation forests often receive little or no attention in terms of conservation of protected habitats and species. This study was aimed at assessing the value of such habitats for bats. In July 2015 we used standardised mist netting in 11 locations within and near the Natura 2000 sites “Nietoperek” and “Buczyny Łagowsko-Sulęcińskie” in western Poland. Particular attention was paid to mixed plantation forest, usually dominated by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). Natural and protected habitats, i.e. riparian woodlands and beech forest were also investigated for comparison. In total 96 bats of 12 species were caught. The highest number of bats (15.0 individuals caught per night) and the highest biodiversity index (H´) was recorded in localities situated in mixed plantation forest. Contrary to common evaluation of this type of habitat, mixed plantation forest may serve important role for local bat populations by providing commuting corridors and possibly also foraging areas. Keywords: Barbastella barbastellus, bat conservation, coniferous plantations, Myotis myotis  

Author Biographies

Grzegorz Apoznanski
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Biology,  Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Paleontology, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631Wrocław PhD student
Tomasz Kokurewicz
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Biology, Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Paleontology, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631 Wrocław
Justyna Błesznowska
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Biology, Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Paleontology, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631 Wrocław
Ewa Kwasiborska
ANSEE Consulting, Św. Antoniego Str. 2/4, 50-073 Wrocław
Tomasz Marszałek
ANSEE Consulting, Św. Antoniego Str. 2/4, 50-073 Wrocław
Monika Górska
ZOO Wrocław, Wróblewskiego 1-5, 51-618 Wrocław

References

ALTRINGHAM, J.D., HAMMOND, L., MCOWAT, T., 1996. Bats: biology and behaviour. Oxford University Press,Oxford.

ANDRZEJCZAK W., BATYCKI A., KASPRZAK A., KOKUREWICZ T., MATRAJ M., RUSIŃSKI M., ŚWIERKOSZ K., WYLĘGAŁA P,, WEIGLE A., KAIM K. 2009. Dokumentacja Planu Ochrony obszaru Natura 2000 site "Nietoperek" (PLH080003). Narodowa Fundacja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa.

ANON., 2011. UNECE and FAO (2011) State of Europe’s forests 2011. Status trends Sustain. For. Manag. Eur.

APOZNAŃSKI 2013. Habbitat selection of barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus (Schreber 1774) during breeding season. Unpublished Msc thesis, University of Wrocław Poland.

ARLETTAZ R. 1999. Habitat selection as a major resource partitioning mechanism between the two sympatric sibling bat species Myotis myotis and Myotis blythii. Journal of animal ecology Volume 68, Issue 3 Pages 460–471

Bremer, L.L., Farley, K.A., 2010. Does plantation forestry restore biodiversity or create green deserts? A synthesis of the effects of land-use transitions on plant species richness. Biodivers. Conserv. 19, 3893–3915.

CARNUS, J.-M., PARROTTA, J., BROCKERHOFF, E.G., ARBEZ, M., JACTEL, H., KREMER, A., LAMB, D., O’HARA, K., WALTERS, B., 2003. Planted Forests and Biodiversity. UNFF Intersessional Expert. Meet. Role Plant. For. Sustain. For. Manag. 7, Paper 10, 24–30.

CICHOCKI J., STOPCZYŃSKI M., BATOR A., GRZYWIŃSKI W., IGNACZAK M., IGNASZAK K., JAROS R., KOWALSKI M., ŁOCHYŃSKI M., POSTAWA T., WARCHAŁOWSKI M., WĘGIEL A., WOJTASZYN G. 2015. Liczebność nietoperzy zimujących w rezerwacie Nietoperek w roku 2015. W: Streszczenia XXIV Ogólnopolskiej Konferencji Chiropterologicznej, 13–15 listopada 2015, Kazimierz Dolny, str. 36–37.

CIECHANOWSKI, M., 2005. Utilization of artificial shelters by bats (Chiroptera) in three different types of forest. Folia Zool. 54, 31–37.

CIECHANOWSKI, M., ZAPART, A., KOKUREWICZ, T., RUSIŃSKI, M. LAZARUS, M. Habitat selection of the pond bat Myotis dasycneme during pregnancy and lactation in Northern Poland Journal of Mammalogy Volume 98, Issue 1, 8 February 2017, Pages 232–245

DIETZ C., VON HELVERSEN O., NILL D. 2006. Nietoperze Europy i Afryki północno zachodniej. Biologia, rozpoznawanie, zagrożenia. Oficyna Wydawnicza Multico.

ERIKSSON A. 2004. Habitat selection in a colony of Barbastella barbastellus in south Sweden. Examensarbetei ämnet naturvårdsbiologi 20 poäng.Uppsala 125: 1–11.

FENTON, M.B. 1997. Science and the Conservation of Bats. Journal of Mammalogy 78 (1): 1-14.

FSC, 2012. Strategic Review on the Future of Forest Plantations. Forest Stewardship Council.

FUKUI, D., MURAKAMI, M., NAKANO, S.* and AOI, T., 2006. Effect of emergent aquatic insects on bat foraging in a riparian forest.Journal of Animal Ecology 75, 1252 –1258

GARDNER, T.A., 2012. Monitoring Forest Biodiversity: improving conservation through ecologically responsible management. Earthscan, London.

HILLEN, J., KIEFER, A. & VEITH, M. 2009. Foraging site fidelity shapes the spatial organization of population of female western barbastelle bats. Biological Conservation 142, 817-823.

HONNAY, O., 2004. Forest biodiversity: lessons from history for conservation. IUFRO Research Series, vol. 10, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom

HUMPHREY, J.W., FERRIS, R., QUINE, C., 2003. Biodiversity in Britain’s planted forests: Results from the Forestry Commission's Biodiversity Assessment Project. For. Comm. Edinburgh 51–62.

HUTTERERR., IVANOVA T., MEYER-CORDS C. & RODRIGUES L., 2005: Bat Migrations in Europe.A Review of Banding Data and Literature. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, 162 pp.

KICZYŃSKA, A., KOKUREWICZ, T., BŁASZCZYK, M., HORBACZ, A., JAŚKIEWICZ, M., KIEROŃSKI, D., KOWALEWSKI, H., M. RUSIŃSKI. 2010. Ekspertyza w zakresie oddziaływania autostrady A2 na obszar Natura 2000 "Nietoperek" na odcinku Świecko – Trzciel (km 1+995 – 92+533) w województwie lubuskim. Opracowanie wykonane przez Narodową Fundację Ochrony Środowiska z Warszawy na zlecenie Generalnej Dyrekcji Dróg Krajowych i Autostrad Oddział w Zielonej Górze.

KIRKPATRICK L., MAHER S., J., LOPEZ Z., LINTOTT P.,R., BAILEY S., A., DENT D., PARK K., J. 2017. Bat use of commercial coniferous plantations at multiple spatial scales: Management and conservation implications. Biological Conservation Volume 206, February 2017, Pages 1-10

KOKUREWICZ T., BONGERS F., CIECHANOWSKI M., DUVERGÈ L., GLOVER A., HADDOW J., RACHWALD A., RUSIŃSKI M., SCHMIDT C., SCHOFIELD H., WAWROCKA K., WILLEMS W., ZAPART A. 2014. Bat research and conservation in "Nietoperek" bat reserve (Western Poland). Abstracts of the XIII European Bat Research Symposium, September 01- 05.2014, Šibenik, Croatia, pp 93-94.
KOKUREWICZ T., OGÓREK R., PUSZ W., MATKOWSKI K. 2016. Bats increase the number of cultivable airborne fungi in the “Nietoperek” bat reserve in Western Poland. Microbial Ecology, 72(1): 36-48.

KUNZ, T. H. 1982. Roosting ecology. _/ In: Kunz, T. H. (ed.), Ecology of bats. Plenum Press, pp. 1 _/55.

LÓPEZ-BAUCELLS, A., PUIG-MONTSERRAT, X., TORRE, I., FREIXAS, L., MAS, M., ARRIZABALAGA, A., FLAQUER, C., 2016. Bat boxes in urban non-native forests: a popular practice that should be reconsidered. Urban Ecosyst. doi:10.1007/s11252-016-0582-9

LIMPENS, H J G A, WINDEII, A van and MOSTERT, K 1989 Bats (Chiroptera) and linear landscape elements Lutra 32(1) 1-20

LIMPENS, H J G A and KAPTEYN, K 1991 Bats, their behavior and linear landscape elements Myotis 29 63-71

ŁUPICKI D., CICHOCKI J., 2008. Występowanie nietoperzy na terenie Międzyrzeckiego Rejonu Umocnionego w okresie letnim. Nietoperze IX,1: 19-27

ŁUPICKI, D., KOWALCZE-ŁUPICKA M., 1999. Dominacja gatunków nietoperzy odławianych przy głównym wjeździe do podziemi MRU przed i po zmianach konstrukcji kraty zamykającej w 1995 r. In: R. Dzięciołowski (ed.). Materiały Konferencyjne, XIII Ogólnopolska Konferencja Chiropterologiczna, Błażejewko, 5-7 XI 1999: 31.

PTOP „Salamandra”, Poznań, Poland.
SZKUDLAREK R., PASZKIEWICZ R., BLOHM T., NOWAK E., ŁUPICKI D. 2001. Bunkry Ziemi Lubuskiej jako schronienia nietoperzy. Nietoperze 2: 83-92

PIKULA, J., AMELON, SK., BANDOUCHOVA, H., BARTONIČKA, T., BERKOVA, H., BRICHTA, J., HOOPER, S., KOKUREWICZ, T., KOLARIK, M., KÖLLNER, B., KOVACOVA, V., LINHART, P., PIACEK, V., TURNER, G.G., ZUKAL, J., N. MARTÍNKOVÁ. 2017. White-nose syndrome pathology grading in Nearctic and Palearctic bats. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0180435. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180435.

ROGOWSKA K, KOKUREWICZ T. 2007. The longest migrations of three bat species to the "Nietoperek" bat reserve (Western Poland). Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft der Oberlausitz, Supplement zu Band 15: 53–60.

RUCZYŃSKI, I., BOGDANOWICZ, W. Roost cavity selection by Nyctalus noctula and N. leisleri (Vespertilionidae, Chiroptera) in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, eastern Poland. J. Mammal., 86: 921-930.

RUSSO, D., CISTRONE, L., JONES, G. & MAZZOLENI, S. 2004. Roost selection by barbastelle bats (Barbastella barbastellus, Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in beech woodlands of central Italy: consequences for conservation. Biological Conservation 117, 73-81.

RUSSO, D., CISTRONE, L., GARONNA, A.P., JONES, G., 2010. Reconsidering the importance of harvested forests for the conservation of tree-dwelling bats. Biodivers. Conserv. 19, 2501–2515.

RYDELL, J., ENTWISTLE, A. AND RACEY, P. A. 1996. Timing of foraging flights of three species of bats in relations to insect activity and predation risk. _/ Oikos 76: 243_/252.

SMITH, G.C., AGNEW, G., 2002. The value of “bat boxes” for attracting hollow-dependent fauna to farm forestry plantations in southeast Queensland. Ecol. Manag. Restor. 3, 37–46. doi:10.1046/j.1442-8903.2002.00088.x

TEMPLE H. J., TERRY A. 2007. The status and Distribution of European mammals. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

VONHOF, M. J. AND BARCLAY, R. M. R. 1996. Roost-site selection and roosting ecology of forest-dwelling bats in southern British Columbia. _/ Can. J. Zool. 74: 1797_/1805.
Published
2020-09-24
Section
Wildlife management